Abstract Title:

Catechin as the Most Efficient Bioactive Compound from Azadirachta indica with Antibiofilm and Anti-quorum Sensing Activities Against Dental Biofilm: an In Vitro and In Silico Study.

Abstract Source:

Appl Biochem Biotechnol. 2021 Jan 26. Epub 2021 Jan 26. PMID: 33496925

Abstract Author(s):

Dibyajit Lahiri, Moupriya Nag, Bandita Dutta, Indranil Mukherjee, Shreyasi Ghosh, Ankita Dey, Ritwik Banerjee, Rina Rani Ray

Article Affiliation:

Dibyajit Lahiri


Neem (Azadirachta indica [AI]) is a unique and traditional source of antioxidant and antibacterial compounds. The GC-MS studies revealed that phytoextract of Azadirachta indica comprises a large number of phytocompounds that possess the efficacy of inhibiting the biofilm. It was observed that phytocompounds like catechin showed maximum eradication of biofilm along with the degradation of EPS structural components like carbohydrates and proteins compared to quercetin, nimbolide, nimbin, and azardirachtin, and hence, catechin was proved to be the best against dental plaque-forming bacteria. It was also observed that catechin was able to bring about a marked reduction in quorum sensing (QS) both in Alcaligenes faecalis and Pseudomonas gingivalis dental biofilm-forming strains. The extent of such reduction was maximum for catechin (94.56±2.56% in P. gingivalis&96.56±2.5 in A. faecalis) in comparison to other bioactive compounds. It was further observed that the bioactive compounds possess the ability to quickly pass across the membrane and bring about inhibition in the DNA and RNA content of the sessile cells. This was further validated by microscopic and insilico studies. Thus, this study revealed that catechin obtained from the phytoextract of AI showed a marked ability to inhibit the dental biofilm and can be used as a natural drug-like compound in treating biofilm-associated chronic infections.

Study Type : In Vitro Study

Print Options

Key Research Topics

Sayer Ji
Founder of GreenMedInfo.com

Subscribe to our informative Newsletter & get Nature's Evidence-Based Pharmacy

Our newsletter serves 500,000 with essential news, research & healthy tips, daily.

Download Now

500+ pages of Natural Medicine Alternatives and Information.

This website is for information purposes only. By providing the information contained herein we are not diagnosing, treating, curing, mitigating, or preventing any type of disease or medical condition. Before beginning any type of natural, integrative or conventional treatment regimen, it is advisable to seek the advice of a licensed healthcare professional.

© Copyright 2008-2022 GreenMedInfo.com, Journal Articles copyright of original owners, MeSH copyright NLM.