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Abstract Title:

Alzheimer's Gone Viral: Could Herpes Simplex Virus Type-1 Be Stealing Your Memories?

Abstract Source:

Cureus. 2020 Nov 27 ;12(11):e11726. Epub 2020 Nov 27. PMID: 33403161

Abstract Author(s):

Rhutuja Khokale, Ayesha Kang, Keri-Ann R Buchanan-Peart, Maxine L Nelson, Oluwatayo J Awolumate, Ivan Cancarevic

Article Affiliation:

Rhutuja Khokale

Abstract:

Alzheimer's disease (AD) is one of the principal causes of disability and morbidity. It is one of the most expensive illnesses. Despite this, there are no significant data regarding its etiology and optimal treatment. This review concentrates on the viral hypothesis of AD. After a comprehensive PubMed literature search, we analyzed the studies associating herpes simplex virus type-1 (HSV1) infection to AD from the previous 10 years. Molecular mechanisms whereby HSV1 induces AD-related pathophysiology, including neuronal production and accumulation of amyloid-beta (amyloid-β), abnormal phosphorylation of tau proteins, impaired calcium homeostasis, and autophagy, are addressed. The virus also imitates the disease in other ways, showing increased neuroinflammation, oxidative stress, synaptic dysfunction, and neuronal apoptosis. Serological studies correlate HSV1 infection with AD and cognitive impairment. A causal link between HSV1 and AD raises the concept of a simple, efficient, and preventive treatment alternative. Anti-viral agents impede brain degeneration by preventing HSV1 spread and its replication, decreasing hyperphosphorylated tau and amyloid-β; thus providing an efficacious treatment for AD. We also mention brown algae, intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG), and a synthetic drug, BAY57-1293, with anti-viral properties, as options for treating AD. We want to recommend future researchers to look for more affordable, non-invasive, and swifter techniques to identify HSV1 in the brain and assist in the early detection and prevention of AD.

Study Type : Review

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Sayer Ji
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