Celastrol exerts anti-inflammatory effect in liver fibrosis. - GreenMedInfo Summary
Celastrol exerts anti-inflammatory effect in liver fibrosis via activation of AMPK-SIRT3 signalling.
J Cell Mol Med. 2019 Nov 19. Epub 2019 Nov 19. PMID: 31742890
Celastrol, a pentacyclic tritepene extracted from Tripterygium Wilfordi plant, showing potent liver protection effects on several liver-related diseases. However, the anti-inflammatory potential of celastrol in liver fibrosis and the detailed mechanisms remain uncovered. This study was to investigate the anti-inflammatory effect of celastrol in liver fibrosis and to further reveal mechanisms of celastrol-induced anti-inflammatory effects with a focus on AMPK-SIRT3 signalling. Celastrol showed potent ameliorative effects on liver fibrosis both in activated hepatic stellate cells (HSCs) and in fibrotic liver. Celastrol remarkably suppressed inflammation in vivo and inhibited the secretion of inflammatory factors in vitro. Interestingly, celastrol increased SIRT3 promoter activity and SIRT3 expression both in fibrotic liver and in activated HSCs. Furthermore, SIRT3 silencing evidently ameliorated the anti-inflammatory potential of celastrol. Besides, we found that celastrol could increase the AMPK phosphorylation. Further investigation showed that SIRT3 siRNA decreased SIRT3 expression but had no obvious effect on phosphorylation of AMPK. In addition, inhibition of AMPK by employing compound C (an AMPK inhibitor) or AMPK1α siRNA significantly suppressed SIRT3 expression, suggesting that AMPK was an up-stream protein of SIRT3 in liver fibrosis. We further found that depletion of AMPK significantly attenuated the inhibitory effect of celastrol on inflammation. Collectively, celastrol attenuated liver fibrosis mainlythrough inhibition of inflammation by activating AMPK-SIRT3 signalling, which makes celastrol be a potential candidate compound in treating or protecting against liver fibrosis.