Ceratonia siliqua honeys from Morocco: Physicochemical properties, mineral contents, and antioxidant activities.
J Food Drug Anal. 2018 Jan ;26(1):67-73. Epub 2017 Feb 14. PMID: 29389590
Physicochemical properties, main mineral content, and antioxidant activity were determined for eight floral carob honeys collected from different geographical regions of Morocco. Moroccan honeys showed good chemical and nutritional qualities, fulfilling the criteria described in the standard codex for honey. The percentages obtained for ashes were (0.13-0.69%), electrical conductivity (0.36-1.35 mS/cm), water content (17.30-22.80%), pH (4.17-5.05), free acidity (11.0-42.50 meq/kg), lactone acidity (4.0-16.50 meq/kg), and for total acidity (16.50-59.50 meq/kg). In addition, minerals such as K, Na, Mg, Cu, Zn, and Ca of honey samples were determined and potassium was the major mineral inall samples. The antioxidant activities based on the free radical scavenging, reducing power, and total antioxidant activity were investigated, and the antioxidant capacity of the honey samples was correlated with their biochemical constituents such as total phenol and flavonoids content, and the best antioxidant capacity was confirmed by the honey from Taounate.