Abstract Title:

Antimicrobial peptides from chili pepper seeds causes yeast plasma membrane permeabilization and inhibits the acidification of the medium by yeast cells.

Abstract Source:

Biochim Biophys Acta. 2006 Sep;1760(9):1323-32. Epub 2006 May 17. PMID: 16784815

Abstract Author(s):

Mariângela S S Diz, André O Carvalho, Rosana Rodrigues, Ana Gisele C Neves-Ferreira, Maura Da Cunha, Elias Walter Alves, Anna L Okorokova-Façanha, Marco Antônio Oliveira, Jonas Perales, Olga L T Machado, Valdirene M Gomes


During the last few years, a growing number of cysteine-rich antimicrobial peptides has been isolated from plants and particularly from seeds. It has become increasingly clear that these peptides play an important role in the protection of plants against microbial infection. In this work, proteins from chili pepper (Capsicum annuum L.) seeds were extracted in phosphate buffer, pH 5.4 and peptides purification were performed by employing ion-exchange chromatographies on DEAE, CM-Sepharose, Sephacryl S-100 and reverse phase in HPLC. Three peptide enriched fractions, namely F1, F2 and F3, were obtained after the CM-Sepharose chromatography. The F1 fraction, mainly composed of three peptides ranging from 6 to 10 kDa, was submitted to N-terminal amino acid sequencing. The closer to 10 kDa peptide showed high sequence homology to lipid transfer proteins (LTPs) previously isolated from others seeds. F1 fraction exhibited strong fungicidal activity against Candida albicans, Saccharomyces cerevisiae and Schizosaccharomyces pombe and also promoted several morphological changes to C. albicans, including the formation of pseudohyphae, as revealed by scanning electron micrography. F1 fraction also reduced the glucose stimulated acidification of the medium mediated by H(+)-ATPase of S. cerevisiae cells in a dose-dependent manner and caused the permeabilization of yeast plasma membrane to the dye SYTOX Green, as verified by confocal laser microscopy.

Study Type : In Vitro Study

Print Options

Key Research Topics

Sayer Ji
Founder of GreenMedInfo.com

Subscribe to our informative Newsletter & get Nature's Evidence-Based Pharmacy

Our newsletter serves 500,000 with essential news, research & healthy tips, daily.

Download Now

500+ pages of Natural Medicine Alternatives and Information.

This website is for information purposes only. By providing the information contained herein we are not diagnosing, treating, curing, mitigating, or preventing any type of disease or medical condition. Before beginning any type of natural, integrative or conventional treatment regimen, it is advisable to seek the advice of a licensed healthcare professional.

© Copyright 2008-2022 GreenMedInfo.com, Journal Articles copyright of original owners, MeSH copyright NLM.