Chlorogenic acid inhibits esophageal squamous cell carcinoma growth in vitro and in vivo. - GreenMedInfo Summary
Chlorogenic acid inhibits esophageal squamous cell carcinoma growth in vitro and in vivo by downregulating the expression of BMI1 and SOX2.
Biomed Pharmacother. 2019 Nov 7 ;121:109602. Epub 2019 Nov 7. PMID: 31707349
Esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) is one of the most common cancers in China, accompanied by an extremely high mortality rate. Chlorogenic acid (CGA) is a small-molecule compound, that has been shown to have a wide range of biological activities, including antitumor. However, the efficacy and molecular mechanism of CGA on ESCC remains unknown. In this study, we confirmed the inhibition of proliferation by CGA in ESCC cells, as well as the reduction of ESCC xenograft volume by CGA in vivo. In addition, CGA also suppressed both the migration and invasion of ESCC cells in vitro. In a carcinogen-induced murine model of ESCC, hyperplasia of the esophagus was slowed by CGA, while mice suffering from ESCC that were treated with CGA had longer survival times than mice in the control group. The measurement of pluripotency factors (BMI1, SOX2, OCT4 and Nanog) that are related to poor prognosis revealed reduced expression of both BMI1 and SOX2, but not of OCT4 or Nanog, in ESCC cells, in both a dose- and time-dependent manner. Together, our initial findings demonstrate that CGA suppresses ESCC progression, downregulates the expression of BMI1 and SOX2, and provide an anti-tumor candidate for ESCC therapy.