Abstract Title:

Reversal of P-glycoprotein-mediated multidrug resistance by cholesterol derived from low density lipoprotein in a vinblastine-resistant human lymphoblastic leukemia cell line.

Abstract Source:

Biochem Cell Biol. 2007 Oct;85(5):638-46. PMID: 17901905

Abstract Author(s):

Yu Shu, Hu Liu

Article Affiliation:

School of Pharmacy, Memorial University of Newfoundland, 300 Prince Philip Drive, St. John's, NL A1B 3V6, [corrected] Canada.


P-glycoprotein (P-gp) is believed to be one of the most common causes of multidrug resistance (MDR) in chemotherapy. Studies have shown that the biosynthesis of cholesterol and cholesterol esters interfere with the function of P-gp. Since low density lipoprotein (LDL) carries a large amount of cholesterol, we investigated the effect of cholesterol derived from LDL on a line of human lymphoblastic leukemia MDR cells, CEM/VLB. Our results demonstrated that, in addition to increased cytotoxicity, the uptake of vinblastine in CEM/VLB cells increased, and LDL subsequently increased the intracellular vinblastine concentrations retained by CEM/VLB cells. The cholesterol levels in the membrane of the MDR cells were restored, while LDL significantly decreased the P-gp-associated ATPase activity. Current studies have shown that LDL leads to the resensitization of CEM/VLB cells to cytotoxic agents, likely through the restoration of cholesterol and reduction of P-gp-associated ATPase in the cell membrane.

Print Options

Sayer Ji
Founder of GreenMedInfo.com

Subscribe to our informative Newsletter & get Nature's Evidence-Based Pharmacy

Our newsletter serves 500,000 with essential news, research & healthy tips, daily.

Download Now

500+ pages of Natural Medicine Alternatives and Information.

This website is for information purposes only. By providing the information contained herein we are not diagnosing, treating, curing, mitigating, or preventing any type of disease or medical condition. Before beginning any type of natural, integrative or conventional treatment regimen, it is advisable to seek the advice of a licensed healthcare professional.

© Copyright 2008-2022 GreenMedInfo.com, Journal Articles copyright of original owners, MeSH copyright NLM.