Abstract Title:

Chromium chloride induces chromosomal aberrations in human lymphocytes via indirect action.

Abstract Source:

Mutat Res. 1987 Jul-Aug;191(3-4):207-10. PMID: 3114632

Abstract Author(s):

J Friedman, F Shabtai, L S Levy, M Djaldetti


The aim of this study was to examine the possible clastogenic effects of trivalent chromium chloride (CrCl3) as the results in the literature are non-conclusive. Under the conditions used in this study Cr(III) induces chromosomal aberrations in phytohemagglutinin(PHA)-stimulated human lymphocytes. This activity, however, is suppressed by the antioxidants superoxide dismutase (SOD) (scavenger of O-.2), the SOD-like agents, catalase and mannitol (specific scavenger of OH.). The possibility that oxygen free radicals could evolve through stimulation of the arachidonic acid cascade is suggested using suitable inhibitors.

Study Type : In Vitro Study
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