Chronic inhalation of tobacco dust induces tracheal cell proliferation in hamsters. - GreenMedInfo Summary
Effects of an aqueous extract of processed bidi tobacco on the growth of hamster tracheal epithelial cells.
Toxicol Lett. 2001 Feb 3;119(1):1-9. PMID: 11275416
Carcinogenesis Division, Cancer Research Institute, Tata Memorial Centre, Parel, 400 012, Mumbai, India.
Inhalation of tobacco dust is responsible for elevated genotoxicity and pulmonary ailments in workers engaged in processing tobacco for the manufacture of bidis, the Indian version of cigarettes. Tracheal tissue being the major site of interaction with tobacco dust, the effects of different concentrations of an aqueous extract of bidi tobacco (ATE) on the growth of a hamster tracheal epithelial cell line (HTE) were investigated. Colony forming efficiency assay revealed that ATE was cytotoxic only at the highest concentration of 5.0 mg/ml. In cultures treated with 1.25 mg/ml ATE, the cell doubling time and growth rate were similar to that of the controls, while a significant increase in cell doubling time (29.4+/-0.3 h vs 14.0+/-3.75 h, P<0.001) was observed at 2.5 mg/ml ATE concentration. Exposure of HTE cells to the non-toxic ATE concentration of 2.5 mg/ml was found to stimulate ornithine decarboxylase (ODC) activity, incorporation of [3H] methyl thymidine into DNA and increase in the S phase fraction was seen by flow cytometry. However, a 56% reduction in the growth rate of cultures treated with 2.5 mg/ml ATE was related to the prolongation of the traverse of cells through S phase. ATE-induced growth suppression was reversed when cultures were grown in ATE-free medium or upon repeated exposure to ATE. The findings suggest that increased tracheal cell proliferation induced by chronic inhalation of tobacco dust may contribute to the development of pulmonary disorders and possibly neoplasia in exposed individuals.