The Impacts ofExtract on Oxidative Stress and Inflammatory Responses in Adjuvant-Induced Arthritic Rats.
Evid Based Complement Alternat Med. 2017 ;2017:3285394. Epub 2017 Apr 10. PMID: 28491105
has been used as a therapeutic agent against inflammation, hypertension, and respiratory conditions for many years. This research's aim has been to examine the antioxidant impacts thatextract (CIE) has on the oxidative stress and inflammatory responses in adjuvant-induced arthritic (AA) rats. 40 rats were categorised into 4 groups according to a completely randomized approach: Group I involved normal control rats (CTRL) that received a basal diet; Group II involved arthritic control rats (CTRL-AA) that received the same diet; Group III involved rats that received a basal diet and 30 mg/kg CIE; and Group IV involved arthritic rats with the same diet as Group III rats (CIE-AA). After injection with complete Freund's adjuvant, body weight, arthritis score, and the serum levels of TNF-, IL-1, IL-6, myeloperoxidase (MPO), malondialdehyde (MDA), superoxide dismutase (SOD), and glutathione peroxidase (GSH-PX) were assessed. The results demonstrated that CIE delayed the onset time of arthritis and decreased the clinical arthritis severity score (<0.05). Observations of CIE-AA and CTRL-AA rats demonstrated that CIE alleviates oxidative stress and inflammatory responses in CIE-AA group. In conclusion, CIE alleviated oxidative stress and inflammatory responses, thereby highlighting its potential use as a candidate for clinical treatments of rheumatoid arthritis.