Chrysin alleviates chronic hypoxia-induced pulmonary hypertension. - GreenMedInfo Summary
Chrysin Alleviates Chronic Hypoxia-Induced Pulmonary Hypertension by Reducing Intracellular Calcium Concentration in Pulmonary Arterial Smooth Muscle Cells.
J Cardiovasc Pharmacol. 2019 Nov ;74(5):426-435. PMID: 31725079
Chrysin (CH), the main ingredient of many medicinal plants, has been reported to be a very potent flavonoid possessing a large number of pharmacological activities. Recent studies have shown that CH significantly improves hemodynamic parameters such as right ventricular pressure, right ventricular hypertrophy, and pulmonary vascular remodeling in a rat model of chronic hypoxia-induced pulmonary hypertension (CHPH). These improvements are through the inhibition of NOX4 expression, reactive oxygen species and malondialdehyde production, pulmonary arterial smooth muscle cell (PASMC) proliferation, and collagen accumulation. In this study, we investigated another mechanism by which CH alleviates CHPH by regulating intracellular calcium concentrations ([Ca]i) in PASMCs, as well as the underlying signaling pathway. The results show that (1) in CHPH model rats, CH substantially attenuated elevated right ventricular pressure, right ventricular hypertrophy, and pulmonary vascular remodeling; (2) in cultured rat distal PASMCs, CH inhibited the hypoxia-triggered promotion of cell proliferation, store-operated Ca entry and [Ca]i; and (3) CH significantly suppressed the hypoxia-upregulated HIF-1α, BMP4, TRPC1, and TRPC6 expression in distal pulmonary arteries (PAs) and cultured rat distal PASMCs. These results indicate that CH likely exerts its CHPH protective activity by regulating [Ca]i, which may result from the downregulation of HIF-1α, BMP4, TRPC1, and TRPC in PASMCs.