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Article Publish Status: FREE
Abstract Title:

Cimifugin Suppresses NF-κB Signaling to Prevent Osteoclastogenesis and Periprosthetic Osteolysis.

Abstract Source:

Front Pharmacol. 2021 ;12:724256. Epub 2021 Sep 29. PMID: 34658863

Abstract Author(s):

Juan Duan, Xuantao Hu, Tao Li, Gen Wu, Pengcheng Dou, Zhengxiao Ouyang

Article Affiliation:

Juan Duan

Abstract:

Aseptic loosening of prosthesis (ALP) is one of the most common long-term complications of knee and hip arthroplasty. Wear particle-induced osteoclastogenesis and subsequent periprosthetic osteolysis account for the morbidity of ALP. Here, we investigate the potential of cimifugin (CIM), a natural extract from Cimicifuga racemosa and, as a bone-protective drug in the treatment of ALP.First, we performed cell viability and osteoclast formation assays to assess the effect of noncytotoxic CIM on osteoclast differentiation. Bone slice resorption and F-actin ring immunofluorescence assays were adopted to assess the effects of CIM on bone-resorption function. Then, quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) analysis was performed to further assess the repressive effects of CIM on osteoclastogenesis at the gene expression level. To elucidate the mechanisms underlying the above findings, Western blot and luciferase reporter gene assays were used to assess the regulatory effects of CIM on the NF-κB and MAPK signaling pathways. Moreover, a Ti particle-induced murine calvarial osteolysis model and subsequent histomorphometric analysis via micro-CT and immunohistochemical staining were used to elucidate the effect of CIM on periprosthetic osteolysis.CIM dose-dependently inhibited both bone marrow-derived macrophage (BMM)- and RAW264.7 cell-derived osteoclastogenesis and bone resorption pit formation, which was further supported by the reduced expression of F-actin and osteoclast-specific genes. According to the Western blot analysis, inhibition of IκBα phosphorylation in the NF-κB signaling pathway, not the phosphorylation of MAPKs, was responsible for the suppressive effect of CIM on osteoclastogenesis. Animal experiments demonstrated that CIM alleviated Ti particle-induced bone erosion and osteoclast accumulation in murine calvaria.The current study suggested for the first time that CIM can inhibit RANKL-induced osetoclastogenesis by suppressing the NF-κB signaling pathwayand prevent periprosthetic osteolysis. These findings suggest the potential of CIM as a therapeutic in ALP.

Study Type : Animal Study, In Vitro Study

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