Abstract Title:

Cisplatin-resistant osteosarcoma cell-derived exosomes confer cisplatin resistance to recipient cells in an exosomal circ_103801-dependent manner.

Abstract Source:

Cell Biol Int. 2020 Dec 15. Epub 2020 Dec 15. PMID: 33325136

Abstract Author(s):

Yuanxing Pan, Yunfei Lin, Chuan Mi

Article Affiliation:

Yuanxing Pan


Studies have shown that exosomes can mediate the chemoresistance of drug-resistant cells by transmitting circular RNAs (circRNAs). However, the role of exosome-derived hsa_circ_103801 (exosomal hsa_circ_103801) in osteosarcoma (OS) remains unclear. The level of hsa_circ_103801 was upregulated in the serum exosomes from patients with OS, and OS patients with high hsa_circRNA_103801 expression had a shorter survival time relative to patients with low hsa_circ_103801 expression. The expression of hsa_circ_103801 was upregulated in cisplatin-resistant MG63 (MG63/CDDP) cells compared to that in MG63 cells. Additionally, hsa_circ_103801 was highly enriched in exosomes derived from CDDP-resistant OS cells and could be delivered to MG63 and U2OS cells through exosomes. Exosomes derived from CDDP-resistant cells were shown to reduce the sensitivity of MG63 and U2OS cells to CDDP, inhibit apoptosis, and increase the expression of multidrug resistance-associated protein 1 and P-glycoprotein. Moreover, exosomal hsa_circ_103801 could strengthen the promotive effect of exosomes on the chemoresistance of MG63 and U2OS cells to CDDP. Hence, serum exosomal hsa_circ_103801 may serve as an effective prognostic biomarker for OS, and exosomal hsa_circ_103801 could be a potential target for overcoming OS chemoresistance. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

Study Type : In Vitro Study

Print Options

Key Research Topics

Sayer Ji
Founder of GreenMedInfo.com

Subscribe to our informative Newsletter & get Nature's Evidence-Based Pharmacy

Our newsletter serves 500,000 with essential news, research & healthy tips, daily.

Download Now

500+ pages of Natural Medicine Alternatives and Information.

This website is for information purposes only. By providing the information contained herein we are not diagnosing, treating, curing, mitigating, or preventing any type of disease or medical condition. Before beginning any type of natural, integrative or conventional treatment regimen, it is advisable to seek the advice of a licensed healthcare professional.

© Copyright 2008-2022 GreenMedInfo.com, Journal Articles copyright of original owners, MeSH copyright NLM.