Abstract Title:

Co-delivery of hesperidin and clarithromycin in a nanostructured lipid carrier for the eradication of Helicobacter pylori in vitro.

Abstract Source:

Bioorg Chem. 2021 Apr 7 ;112:104896. Epub 2021 Apr 7. PMID: 33901764

Abstract Author(s):

Mohamed Sharaf, Muhammad Arif, Sohaib Khan, Mohnad Abdalla, Samah Shabana, Zhe Chi, Chenguang Liu

Article Affiliation:

Mohamed Sharaf


Effective and precise eradication of Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) is the most promising approach to avoid H. pylori-related gastrointestinal disorders. The present study was conducted to demonstrate the efficacy of the co-delivery of hesperidin (Hesp) and clarithromycin (CLR) in nanostructured lipid carriers (NLCs) against H. pylori. We have produced a new delivery system by combining bioflavonoid Hesp and CLR NLCs to address the failure in single antibiotic therapies. Briefly, a blend of solid lipid, liquid lipid, and surfactant was used. Homogeneous NLCs with all the formulations showed a nano size and surface-negative charge and presented high in vitro stability and slow release of the drug even after 24 h. Bioimaging studies by scanning electron microscopy, transmission electron microscopy, and imaging flow cytometry indicated that NLCs interacted with the membrane by adhering to the outer cell membrane and disrupted the membrane that resulted in the leakage of cytoplasmic contents. The preparedNLCs provide sustained and controlled drug release that can be used to increase the rate of H. pylori eradication.

Study Type : In Vitro Study

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