Article Publish Status: FREE
Abstract Title:

Coenzyme Q10 mitigates macrophage mediated inflammation in heart following myocardial infarction via the NLRP3/IL1βpathway.

Abstract Source:

BMC Cardiovasc Disord. 2024 Jan 28 ;24(1):76. Epub 2024 Jan 28. PMID: 38281937

Abstract Author(s):

Wenxu Pan, Guiquan Zhou, Meiling Hu, Gaoshan Li, Mingle Zhang, Hao Yang, Kunyan Li, Jingwei Li, Ting Liu, Ying Wang, Jun Jin

Article Affiliation:

Wenxu Pan


BACKGROUND: The protective effect of Coenzyme Q10 (CoQ10) on the cardiovascular system has been reported, however, whether it can promote early recovery of cardiac function and alleviate cardiac remodeling after myocardial infarction (MI) remains to be elucidated. Whether CoQ10 may regulate the macrophage-mediated pro-inflammatory response after MI and its potential mechanism are worth further exploration.

METHODS: To determine the baseline plasma levels of CoQ10 by LC-MS/MS, healthy controls and MI patients (n = 11 each) with age- and gender-matched were randomly enrolled. Additional MI patients were consecutively enrolled and randomized into the blank control (n = 59) or CoQ10 group (n = 61). Follow-ups were performed at 1- and 3-month to assess cardiac function after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). In the animal study, mice were orally administered CoQ10/vehicle daily and were subjected to left anterior descending coronary artery (LAD) ligation or sham operation. Echocardiography and serum BNP measured by ELISA were analyzed to evaluate cardiac function. Masson staining and WGA staining were performed to analyze the myocardial fibrosis and cardiomyocyte hypertrophy, respectively. Immunofluorescence staining was performed to assess the infiltration of IL1β/ROS-positive macrophages into the ischemic myocardium. Flow cytometry was employed to analyze the recruitment of myeloid immune cells to the ischemic myocardium post-MI. The expression of inflammatory indicators was assessed through RNA-seq, qPCR, and western blotting (WB).

RESULTS: Compared to controls, MI patients showed a plasma deficiency of CoQ10 (0.76 ± 0.31 vs. 0.46 ± 0.10 µg/ml). CoQ10 supplementation significantly promoted the recovery of cardiac function in MI patients at 1 and 3 months after PCI. In mice study, compared to vehicle-treated MI mice, CoQ10-treated MI mice showed a favorable trend in survival rate (42.85% vs. 61.90%), as well as significantly alleviated cardiac dysfunction, myocardial fibrosis, and cardiac hypertrophy. Notably, CoQ10 administration significantly suppressed the recruitment of pro-inflammatory CCR2macrophages into infarct myocardium and their mediated inflammatory response, partially by attenuating the activation of the NLR family pyrin domain containing 3 (NLRP3)/Interleukin-1 beta (IL1β) signaling pathway.

CONCLUSIONS: These findings suggest that CoQ10 can significantly promote early recovery of cardiac function after MI. CoQ10 may function by inhibiting the recruitment of CCR2macrophages and suppressing the activation of the NLRP3/IL1βpathway in macrophages.

TRIAL REGISTRATION: Date of registration 09/04/2021 (number: ChiCTR2100045256).

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