Abstract Title:

Inhibitory effects of various beverages on the sulfoconjugation of 17beta-estradiol in human colon carcinoma Caco-2 cells.

Abstract Source:

J Nutr Biochem. 2006 Oct;17(10):697-706. Epub 2006 Jan 9. PMID: 18981586

Abstract Author(s):

Ayako Saruwatari, Marina Isshiki, Hiroomi Tamura

Article Affiliation:

Graduate School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Keio University, Tokyo, Japan.


To investigate the possible effects of different beverages in the gastrointestinal tract on the sulfation of estrogen, which is a major hormone and prototype substrate for the human sulfotransferases (SULT), we analyzed the effects of these substances upon the sulfate conjugation of 17beta-estradiol (E2) in the human colon carcinoma cell line Caco-2. Sulfoconjugation activity toward E2 was measured by incubating 20 nM E2 with Caco-2 cells in the presence (5% (v/v)) of each beverage. Among the 35 beverages analyzed, four (aronia, blueberry, coffee, and peppermint) exhibited strong inhibitory effects on E2 sulfation within Caco-2 cells IC50 values ranging from 1.9 to 4.4% (v/v)). These active beverages also strongly inhibited the cytosolic estrogen SULT activity of Caco-2 cells in vitro (IC50 values ranging from 0.18 to 0.3% (v/v)). These inhibitory activities were extractable with ethyl acetate but not hexane or n-butanol, indicating that the molecules responsible are moderately lipophilic. Coffee was found to be the most potent inhibitor but the major constituents of this beverage, caffeic acid, caffeine, and chlorogenic acid, did not show any effects on estrogen SULT activity. Kinetic analyses further indicated that the mode of inhibition by coffee is competitive. A possible relationship between the inhibition of estrogen SULT activity by coffee in the gastrointestinal tract and the reported reduction of colon cancer incidence in women who consume coffee is discussed.

Study Type : In Vitro Study

Print Options

Key Research Topics

Sayer Ji
Founder of GreenMedInfo.com

Subscribe to our informative Newsletter & get Nature's Evidence-Based Pharmacy

Our newsletter serves 500,000 with essential news, research & healthy tips, daily.

Download Now

500+ pages of Natural Medicine Alternatives and Information.

This website is for information purposes only. By providing the information contained herein we are not diagnosing, treating, curing, mitigating, or preventing any type of disease or medical condition. Before beginning any type of natural, integrative or conventional treatment regimen, it is advisable to seek the advice of a licensed healthcare professional.

© Copyright 2008-2022 GreenMedInfo.com, Journal Articles copyright of original owners, MeSH copyright NLM.