n/a
Article Publish Status: FREE
Abstract Title:

Vitamin D and alopecia areata: possible roles in pathogenesis and potential implications for therapy.

Abstract Source:

Am J Transl Res. 2019 ;11(9):5285-5300. Epub 2019 Sep 15. PMID: 31632510

Abstract Author(s):

Xiran Lin, Xianmin Meng, Zhiqi Song

Article Affiliation:

Xiran Lin

Abstract:

Alopecia areata is characterized by the loss of hair on the scalp and elsewhere on the body. It affects approximately 2% of the general population. It is believed to be an autoimmune disease. However, its pathogenesis remains incompletely understood. Recent studies have revealed a substantial link between vitamin D and alopecia areata. But the underlying mechanism still yet to be deciphered. This article reviews the current literature and discusses the possible roles of vitamin D in the pathogenesis of alopecia areata in the context of (1) loss of immune privilege in hair follicle, (2) autoreactive effector T cells and mast cells, (3) nature killer group 2 member d-positive cytotoxic T cells, (4) Janus kinase/signal transducers and activators of transcriptional signaling pathway, (5) regulatory T cells, (6) immune checkpoints, and (7) oxidative stress, which are believed to play important roles in autoimmunity in AA. This paper provides new insights into research directions to elucidate the exact mechanisms of vitamin D in the pathogenesis. Calcipotriol, a vitamin D analog, has been reported to be topically used in treating alopecia areata with promising results. Combination therapy of vitamin D analogs with corticosteroids might also be used in treating alopecia areata.

Study Type : Review
Additional Links

Print Options


Key Research Topics

Sayer Ji
Founder of GreenMedInfo.com

Subscribe to our informative Newsletter & get Nature's Evidence-Based Pharmacy

Our newsletter serves 500,000 with essential news, research & healthy tips, daily.

Download Now

500+ pages of Natural Medicine Alternatives and Information.

This website is for information purposes only. By providing the information contained herein we are not diagnosing, treating, curing, mitigating, or preventing any type of disease or medical condition. Before beginning any type of natural, integrative or conventional treatment regimen, it is advisable to seek the advice of a licensed healthcare professional.

© Copyright 2008-2021 GreenMedInfo.com, Journal Articles copyright of original owners, MeSH copyright NLM.