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Abstract Title:

Combined Network Pharmacology and Cytology Experiments to Identify Potential Anti-Breast Cancer Targets and Mechanisms of Delphinidin.

Abstract Source:

Nutr Cancer. 2021 Dec 8:1-16. Epub 2021 Dec 8. PMID: 34875956

Abstract Author(s):

Jiayuan Peng, Ailin Wu, Xiaoping Yu, Qian Zhong, Xiaoming Deng, Yanfeng Zhu

Article Affiliation:

Jiayuan Peng

Abstract:

Delphinidin is a type of anthocyanin monomer with antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, and anti-tumor effects. However, the biological mechanisms underlying its anti-breast cancer activity have not been thoroughly studied. We further studied the effect of delphinidin on breast cancer cells through comprehensive network pharmacology, cellular and molecular experiments. We acquired the know therapeutic targets of delphinidin and obtained differentially expressed genes (DEGs) of breast cancer using RTCGA. We used topological analysis to screen out the 106 core targets of delphinium anti-breast cancer and performed functional analysis. These genes were mainly enriched in the pathways in cancer, Progesterone-mediated oocyte maturation and cell cycle. Then, by taking the intersection of the three analyzed data sets, important core targets (EGFR, TOP2A and PTGS2) were obtained and molecular-docking was performed to validate the result. Additionally, In Vitro experiments, MCF-7 and BT-474 cell proliferation was inhibited in a dose-dependent manner by delphinidin and the expressions of EGFR, TOP2A and PTGS were reduced. Moreover, delphinidin influenced cell cycle, the expressions of cdk1 and cyclin B1 were reduced. Furthermore, delphinidin induced apoptosis by activating the MAPK-Signaling pathway. Collectively, our findings suggested that delphinidin may offer effective approaches in breast cancer prevention and therapy.Supplemental data for this article is available online at https://dx.doi.org/10.1080/01635581.2021.2012582.

Study Type : In Vitro Study

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