Abstract Title:

The in vitro activity of geraniin and 1,3,4,6-tetra-O-galloyl-beta-D-glucose isolated from Phyllanthus urinaria against herpes simplex virus type 1 and type 2 infection.

Abstract Source:

J Ethnopharmacol. 2007 Apr 4;110(3):555-8. Epub 2006 Oct 13. PMID: 17113739

Abstract Author(s):

Chien-Min Yang, Hua-Yew Cheng, Ta-Chen Lin, Lien-Chai Chiang, Chun-Ching Lin


Phyllanthus urinaria Linnea (Euphorbiaceae) is a widely used traditional medicinal plant by oriental countries and has been reported to possess various biological activities. Previously, the acetone extract from Phyllanthus urinaria was found to inhibit herpes simplex virus (HSV) infection. In this study, geraniin and 1,3,4,6-tetra-O-galloyl-beta-D-glucose (1346TOGDG), both of which were isolated from the acetone extract of Phyllanthus urinaria, were examined for their activity against HSV-1 and HSV-2 in vitro. Results showed that geraniin actively suppressed HSV-2 infection, whereas 1346TOGDG effectively inhibited HSV-1 infection. The 50% inhibitory concentration (IC(50)) was 18.4+/-2.0 microM for geraniin against HSV-2 infection, and 19.2+/-4.0 microM for 1346TOGDG against HSV-1. No toxic effect towards the host cell was observed at the antiviral concentrations. In conclusion, geraniin and 1346TOGDG were found to inhibit HSV-1 and HSV-2 multiplication at different magnitudes of potency.


Study Type : In Vitro Study

Print Options

Key Research Topics

Sayer Ji
Founder of GreenMedInfo.com

Subscribe to our informative Newsletter & get Nature's Evidence-Based Pharmacy

Our newsletter serves 500,000 with essential news, research & healthy tips, daily.

Download Now

500+ pages of Natural Medicine Alternatives and Information.

This website is for information purposes only. By providing the information contained herein we are not diagnosing, treating, curing, mitigating, or preventing any type of disease or medical condition. Before beginning any type of natural, integrative or conventional treatment regimen, it is advisable to seek the advice of a licensed healthcare professional.

© Copyright 2008-2022 GreenMedInfo.com, Journal Articles copyright of original owners, MeSH copyright NLM.