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Abstract Title:

Oral coenzyme Q10 supplementation in patients with migraine: Effects on clinical features and inflammatory markers.

Abstract Source:

Nutr Neurosci. 2018 Jan 3:1-9. Epub 2018 Jan 3. PMID: 29298622

Abstract Author(s):

Monireh Dahri, Ali Tarighat-Esfanjani, Mohammad Asghari-Jafarabadi, Mazyar Hashemilar

Article Affiliation:

Monireh Dahri

Abstract:

BACKGROUNDS AND AIMS: Migraine and inflammation are correlated. Coenzyme Q10 (CoQ10) as an anti-inflammatory agent has shown useful effects in other diseases. The present study aimed to assess the effect of CoQ10 supplementation on inflammation and clinical features of migraine.

METHODS: This randomized double-blind placebo-controlled clinical trial was conducted among 45 non-menopausal women aged 18-50 years, diagnosed for episodic migraine according to the International Headache Society. After one month run-in period, subjects received CoQ10 (400 mg/day CoQ10, n = 23) or placebo (wheat starch, n = 22) for three months. All the patients got prophylactic medication too. Serum CoQ10 concentration, Calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP), interleukin (IL)-6, IL-10 and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) were measured at the beginning and end of the study.

RESULTS: CoQ10 supplementation reduced CGRP and TNF-α significantly (p = 0.011 and p = 0.044, respectively), but there were no significant differences in serum IL-6 and IL-10 between the two groups. Significant increase in serum CoQ10 levels was evident with CoQ10 therapy (P<0.001). A significant improvement was found in frequency (p = 0.018), severity (p = 0.001) and duration (p = 0.012) of migraine attacks in CoQ10 group compared to placebo.

CONCLUSION: CoQ10 supplementation may decrease CGRP and TNF-α with no favorable effects on IL-6 and IL-10 in patients with migraine.

Study Type : Human Study

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