Abstract Title:

Protective effect of crocin on BPA-induced liver toxicity in rats through inhibition of oxidative stress and downregulation of MAPK and MAPKAP signaling pathway and miRNA-122 expression.

Abstract Source:

Food Chem Toxicol. 2017 Jul 5. Epub 2017 Jul 5. PMID: 28689058

Abstract Author(s):

Faezeh Vahdati Hassani, Soghra Mehri, Khalil Abnous, Ruth Birner-Gruenberger, Hossein Hosseinzadeh

Article Affiliation:

Faezeh Vahdati Hassani


Bisphenol A (BPA) is an artificial environmental endocrine disrupting chemical and commonly used as a monomer of polycarbonate plastics and epoxy resins. The aim of the present study is to investigate the hepatoprotective effects of crocin, a constituent of saffron, against BPA-induced liver toxicity. We showed that treatment of male Wistar rats with 0.5 mg/kg BPA for 30 days increased the level of 8-isoprostane, decreased the level of reduced glutathione, elevated serum levels of aspartate aminotransferase, lactate dehydrogenase, triglyceride, and glucose, and induced periportal inflammation. Western blot results revealed that BPA increased the phosphorylation of c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK), extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK1/2), and mitogen-activated protein kinase-activated protein kinase (MAPKAPK), but not p38. BPA also reduced the Akt signaling activation and upregulated microRNA (miR-122) expression. Moreover, we showed herethat crocin 20 mg/kg administration ameliorated liver damage and improved elevated levels of TG and liver enzymes of BPA-treated rats possibly though antioxidant activity, downregulation of miR-122 transcript level and lowering the phosphorylation of JNK, ERK1/2, and MAPKAPK and subsequently theiractivities. Overall, the findings suggest that crocin possesses hepatoprotective effects against BPA-induced liver toxicity by enhancing the antioxidative defense system and regulation of important signaling pathway activities and miR-122 expression.

Print Options

Key Research Topics

Sayer Ji
Founder of GreenMedInfo.com

Subscribe to our informative Newsletter & get Nature's Evidence-Based Pharmacy

Our newsletter serves 500,000 with essential news, research & healthy tips, daily.

Download Now

500+ pages of Natural Medicine Alternatives and Information.

This website is for information purposes only. By providing the information contained herein we are not diagnosing, treating, curing, mitigating, or preventing any type of disease or medical condition. Before beginning any type of natural, integrative or conventional treatment regimen, it is advisable to seek the advice of a licensed healthcare professional.

© Copyright 2008-2022 GreenMedInfo.com, Journal Articles copyright of original owners, MeSH copyright NLM.