Cucurbitacin B inhibits tumor angiogenesis by triggering the mitochondrial signaling pathway in endothelial cells.
Int J Mol Med. 2018 Apr 30. Epub 2018 Apr 30. PMID: 29717773
Cucurbitacin B (CuB), the active component of a traditional Chinese herbal medicine, Pedicellus Melo, has been shown to exhibit antitumor and anti-inflammation effects, but its role in tumor angiogenesis, the key step involved in tumor growth and metastasis, and the involved molecular mechanism are unknown. Tumor angiogenesis is one of the hallmarks of the development in malignant neoplasias and metastasis. Effective targeting of tumor angiogenesis is a key area of interest for cancer therapy. Here, we demonstrated that CuB significantly inhibited human umbilical vascular endothelial cell (HUVEC) proliferation, migration, tubulogenesis in vitro, and blocked angiogenesis in chick embryo chorioallantoic membrane (CAM) assay in vivo. Furthermore, CuB induced HUVEC apoptosis and may induce apoptosis by triggering the mitochondrial apoptotic pathway. Finally, we found that CuB inhibiting angiogenesiswas associated with inhibition of the activity of vascular endothelial growth factor receptor 2 (VEGFR2). Our investigations suggested that CuB was a potential drug candidate for angiogenesis related diseases.