Abstract Title:

Cucurbitacin B Induces Hypermethylation of Oncogenes in Breast Cancer Cells.

Abstract Source:

Planta Med. 2019 Mar ;85(5):370-378. Epub 2018 Nov 21. PMID: 30463098

Abstract Author(s):

Kanthanadon Dittharot, Sumana Dakeng, Parichat Suebsakwong, Apichart Suksamrarn, Pimpicha Patmasiriwat, Moltira Promkan

Article Affiliation:

Kanthanadon Dittharot


Breast cancer is a complex disease driven by multiple factors including both genetic and epigenetic alterations. Recent studies revealed that abnormal gene expression induced by epigenetic changes including aberrant promoter methylation plays a critical role in human breast carcinogenesis. Cucurbitacin B has antiproliferative activity against various human breast cancer cells, but the molecular mechanism is not completely understood. In this study, we explore the influence of cucurbitacin B fromon the methylation status at the promoter of oncogenes c-Myc, cyclin D1, and survivin in breast cancer cell lines. Growth inhibitory effect of cucurbitacin B on breast cancer cells was assessed by MTT assay and colony formation assay. Methylation status of genomic DNA was determined by methylation-specific PCR. Gene and protein expression levels of all genes studied were analyzed by real-time RT-PCR and western blot. The results indicated that cucurbitacin B could inhibit cell growth in breast cancer cells. The oncogene promoters are usually hypomethylated in cancer cells. Upon cucurbitacin B treatment, upregulation of DNMT1 and obvious heavy methylation in the promoters of c-Myc, cyclin D1, and survivin, which consequently downregulated the expression of all these oncogenes, were observed. Hence, cucurbitacin B proved to be a potential cancer therapeutic agent, in part by inducing hypermethylation and silences the oncogenic activation.

Study Type : In Vitro Study

Print Options

Key Research Topics

Sayer Ji
Founder of GreenMedInfo.com

Subscribe to our informative Newsletter & get Nature's Evidence-Based Pharmacy

Our newsletter serves 500,000 with essential news, research & healthy tips, daily.

Download Now

500+ pages of Natural Medicine Alternatives and Information.

This website is for information purposes only. By providing the information contained herein we are not diagnosing, treating, curing, mitigating, or preventing any type of disease or medical condition. Before beginning any type of natural, integrative or conventional treatment regimen, it is advisable to seek the advice of a licensed healthcare professional.

© Copyright 2008-2022 GreenMedInfo.com, Journal Articles copyright of original owners, MeSH copyright NLM.