Curcumin contributes to in vitro removal of iron by the chelation drug deferiprone. - GreenMedInfo Summary
Curcumin contributes to in vitro removal of non-transferrin bound iron by deferiprone and desferrioxamine in thalassemic plasma.
Med Chem. 2007 Sep;3(5):469-74. PMID: 17897073
Non-transferrin-bound iron (NTBI) is detectable in plasma of beta-thalassemia patients with transfusional iron overload. This form of iron may cause oxidative tissue damage and increased iron uptake, into several vital organs. Removal of NTBI species is incomplete and transient using standard intermittent desferrioxamine (DFO) or deferiprone (DFP) monotherapy. Combinations of these or other chelators may improve the protection time from NTBI and increase removal of harmful NTBI species. Curcuminoids from Curcuma longa L. is a naturally occurring phytochemical which shows a wide range of pharmacological properties including anti-oxidative, anti-inflammatory, anti-cancer and iron-chelating activities. In this study, the curcuminoids was investigated for NTBI chelation in thalassemic plasma in vitro and for the potential to improve NTBI removal when used with other chelators. Curcumin bound Fe(3+) to form a Fe(3+)-curcumin complex with a predominant absorption at 500 nm. The chemical binding of curcumin was dose- and time-dependent and more specific for Fe(3+) than Fe(2+). Using a HPLC-based NTBI assay without an aluminium blocking step, curcumin shuttled the iron from Fe(3+)-NTA complex, giving underestimated NTBI values. At equivalent concentrations DFO, DFP and curcumin decreased plasma NTBI with the order of DFP>DFO>curcumin. None of these chelators removed NTBI completely, but curcumin appeared to increase the rate of NTBI removal when added to DFP. It is proposed that the beta-diketo moiety of curcumin participates in the NTBI chelation.