Curcumin has antimutagenic potential. - GreenMedInfo Summary
Antimutagenic potential of curcumin on chromosomal aberrations in Wistar rats.
Mutat Res. 2002 Mar 25;515(1-2):197-202. PMID: 11909768
Environmental Carcinogenesis Division, Industrial Toxicology research Centre, P.O. Box 80, M.G. Marg, UP 226001, Lucknow, India. firstname.lastname@example.org
Curcumin, a yellow pigment commonly used as a spice and food coloring agent is obtained from rhizomes of Curcuma longa and is a major chemopreventive component of turmeric. In the present set of investigations the antimutagenic potential of curcumin has been evaluated using in vivo chromosomal aberration assay in Wistar rats. Cyclophosphamide (CP), a well-known mutagen was given by intraperitoneal (i.p.) injection at the dose of 40 mg/kg body weight (b.w.). Curcumin was given at the dose of 100 and 200 mg/kg b.w. through gastric intubation for seven consecutive days prior to CP treatment. The animals were sacrificed at the sampling time of 24 h after treatment and their bone marrow tissue was analyzed for chromosomal damage and mitotic index. In CP treated animals a significant induction of chromosomal aberration was recorded with decrease in mitotic index. However, in curcumin-supplemented animals, no significant induction in chromosomal damage or change in mitotic index was recorded. In different curcumin-supplemented groups, a dose dependent significant decrease in CP induced clastogenicity was recorded. The incidence of aberrant cells was found to be reduced by both the doses of curcumin when compared to CP treated group. The anticytotoxic potential of curcumin towards CP was also evident as the status of mitotic index was found to show increment. The study revealed the antigenotoxic potential of curcumin against CP induced chromosomal mutations.