Abstract Title:

Pulmonary protective effects of curcumin against paraquat toxicity.

Abstract Source:

Life Sci. 2000;66(2):PL21-8. PMID: 10666014

Abstract Author(s):

N Venkatesan

Article Affiliation:

Department of Biochemistry, Central Leather Research Institute, Madras, India. [email protected]

Abstract:

An early feature of paraquat (PQ) toxicity is the influx of inflammatory cells, releasing proteolytic enzymes and oxygen free radicals, which can destroy the lung epithelium and result in pulmonary fibrosis. Therefore, the ability to suppress early lung injury seems to be an appropriate therapy of pulmonary damage before the development of irreversible fibrosis. Here I show curcumin confers remarkable protection against PQ lung injury. A single intraperitoneal injection of PQ (50 mg/kg) resulted in a significant rise in the levels of protein, angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE), alkaline phosphatase (AKP), N-acetyl-beta-D-glucosaminidase (NAG) and thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS), and neutrophils in the bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF), while a decrease in glutathione levels. In paraquat rats bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) cell TBARS concentration was increased with a simultaneous decrease in glutathione content. In addition, the data also demonstrated that PQ caused a decrease in ACE and glutathione levels and an increase in levels of TBARS and myeloperoxidase (MPO) activity in the lung. Interestingly, curcumin prevented the general toxicity and mortality induced by PQ and blocked the rise in BALF protein, ACE, AKP, NAG TBARS and neutrophils. Similarly, curcumin prevented the rise in TBARS content in both BAL cell and lung tissue and MPO activity of the lung. In addition, PQ induced reduction in lung ACE and BAL cell and lung glutathione levels was abolished by curcumin treatment. These findings indicate that curcumin has important therapeutic implications in facilitating the early suppression of PQ lung injury.

Study Type : Animal Study

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