Curcumin reverses the multidrug resistance of a human multiple myeloma cell line. - GreenMedInfo Summary
[Reversal of multidrug resistance of the drug resistant human multiple myeloma cell line MOLP-2/R by curcumin and its relation with FA/BRCA pathway].
Zhonghua Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi. 2009 Jan;30(1):33-7. PMID: 19563033
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the reverse effect of mutidrug resistance of curcumin combined with melphalan on the mutidrug-resistant human multiple myeloma cell line MOLP-2/R and the relation with FA/BRCA pathway. METHODS: The inhibitory effects of the drugs on the growth of MOLP-2/R cells were determined by MTT assay. Cell cycle analysis, intracellular drug concentration and apoptosis were assayed by flow cytometry. The expression of FANCD2 monoubiquitination was determined by Western blot analysis. RESULTS: Co-administration of curcumin and melphalan had an synergistic inhibitory effects on the proliferation, IC50 of melphalan with 10 micromol/L curcumin reduced from 45.5 micromol/L to 19 micromol/L in MOLP-2/R cells. The apoptosis percentage of MOLP-2/R cells was significantly increased from (23.3 +/- 0.6)% to (52.6% +/- 0.8)% by the treatment of melphalan 20 micromol/L plus curcumin 10 micromol/L with the increased percentage of cells in the G2/M phase (from 9.1% to 18.5%) and enhanced intracellular drug concentration of MOLP-2/ R cells (from 15.2 +/- 0.3 to 21.4 +/- 0.8 ). The effects were accompanied with inhibition of FA/BRCA pathway by down regulation of FANCD2 protein monoubiquitination. CONCLUSION: Curcumin combined with melphalan results in synergistic effects and reverses multiple drug resistance of MOLP-2/R cells effectively. The inhibition of FA/BRCA pathway may be the mechanism.