Curcuminoids supplementation ameliorates iron overload, oxidative stress, hypercoagulability, and inflammation in non-transfusion-dependentβ-thalassemia/Hb E patients.
Ann Hematol. 2021 Jan 3. Epub 2021 Jan 3. PMID: 33388858
Curcuminoids, polyphenol compounds in turmeric, possess several pharmacological properties including antioxidant, iron-chelating, and anti-inflammatory activities. Effects of curcuminoids in thalassemia patients have been explored in a limited number of studies using different doses of curcuminoids. The present study aims to evaluate the effects of 24-week curcuminoids supplementation at the dosage of 500 and 1000 mg/day on iron overload, oxidative stress, hypercoagulability, and inflammation in non-transfused β-thalassemia/Hb E patients. In general, both curcuminoids dosages significantly lowered the levels of oxidative stress, hypercoagulability, and inflammatory markers in the patients. In contrast, reductions in iron parameter levels were more remarkable in the 1000 mg/day group. Subgroup analysis revealed that a marker of hypercoagulability was significantly decreased only in patients with baseline ferritin ≤ 1000 ng/ml independently of curcuminoids dosage. Moreover, the alleviation of iron loading parameters was more remarkable in patients with baseline ferritin> 1000 ng/ml who receive 1000 mg/day curcuminoids. On the other hand, the responses of oxidative stress markers were higher with 500 mg/day curcuminoids regardless of baseline ferritin levels. Our study suggests that baseline ferritin levels should be considered in the supplementation of curcuminoids and the appropriate curcuminoids dosage might differ according to the required therapeutic effect. Thai Clinical Trials Registry (TCTR): TCTR20200731003; July 31, 2020"retrospectively registered".