Article Publish Status: FREE
Abstract Title:

Curcumol Synergizes with Cisplatin in Osteosarcoma by Inhibiting M2-like Polarization of Tumor-Associated Macrophages.

Abstract Source:

Molecules. 2022 Jul 6 ;27(14). Epub 2022 Jul 6. PMID: 35889217

Abstract Author(s):

Jincheng Wang, Jialu Jin, Ting Chen, Qian Zhou

Article Affiliation:

Jincheng Wang


Osteosarcoma is the most prevalent bone cancer, and chemotherapy is still an indispensable treatment in its clinical practice. Cisplatin (CDDP) has become the most commonly used agent for osteosarcoma, although the outcomes of CDDP chemotherapy remain unsatisfactory because of frequent resistance. Here, we report on a promising combination therapy where curcumol, a bioactive sesquiterpenoid, enhanced CDDP-induced apoptosis to eradicate osteosarcoma cells, and revealed that M2-like macrophages might be the underlying associated mechanisms. First, we observed that curcumol enhanced the CDDP-mediated inhibition of cell proliferation and augmented the apoptosis in osteosarcoma cell lines. Curcumol contributed to preventing the migration of osteosarcoma cells when combined with CDDP. Moreover, this drug combination showed more potent tumor-growth suppression in the orthotopic transplantation of osteosarcoma K7M2 WT cells. We then estimated chemotherapy-associated drug-resistant genes, including ABCB1, ABCC1 and ABCG2, and found that curcumol significantly reversed the mRNA levels of CDDP-induced ABCB1, ABCC1 and ABCG2 genes in the tumor tissue. Moreover, M2-like macrophages were enriched in osteosarcoma tissues, and were largely decreased after curcumol and CDDP treatment. Taken together, these findings suggest that curcumol inhibits the polarization of M2-like macrophages and could be a promising combination strategy to synergize with CDDP in the osteosarcoma.

Study Type : In Vitro Study

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Sayer Ji
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