Cyanidin-3-glucoside attenuates the angiogenesis of breast cancer via inhibiting STAT3/VEGF pathway.
Phytother Res. 2019 Jan ;33(1):81-89. Epub 2018 Sep 25. PMID: 30251280
Angiogenesis plays a pivotal role in breast cancer progression. Cyanidin-3-glucoside (C3G), one of the most widely distributed anthocyanins in edible fruits, shows antioxidative and anti-inflammatory property as well as induction of breast cancer cells apoptosis. However, the effect of C3G on breast cancer-induced angiogenesis remains unknown. In the present study, we found that C3G could attenuate breast cancer-induced angiogenesis via inhibiting VEGF, a key cytokine for angiogenesis, expression and secretion. Furthermore, signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3) could transcriptionally activate VEGF, and C3G reduced STAT3 expression at both mRNA and protein level. Subsequently, our data showed that C3G induced miR-124 expression. Moreover, miR-124 could directly repress STAT3 expression, and miR-124-mediated STAT3 down-regulation was responsible for the inhibition of C3G on VEGF and angiogenesis. Taken together, we supplied more evidence to the anti-breast cancer property of C3G.