Abstract Title:

Effects of almond consumption on lipid profile in patients with type 2 diabetes: a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials.

Abstract Source:

Arch Physiol Biochem. 2021 Oct 8:1-8. Epub 2021 Oct 8. PMID: 34624199

Abstract Author(s):

Ping Wang, Yingtao Sheng, Mehnoosh Samadi

Article Affiliation:

Ping Wang


The aim of this meta-analysis was to assess the effects of almond consumption on the lipid profiles of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) patients. Eligible trials were searched from four electronic databases until Jan 2020. Five eligible articles were included in the final quantitative analysis. Overall, meta-analysis could not show any beneficial effect of almond consumption on total cholesterol (TC) weighted mean difference (WMD: 0.65 mg/dL, 95% CI: -7.52-8.82, = .87), triglyceride (TG; WMD: 1.59 mg/dL, 95% CI: -21.77-24.96, = .89), low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C; WMD: -5.40 mg/dL, 95% CI: -13.30-2.50, = .18), and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C; WMD: 1.57 mg/dL, 95% CI: -0.95-4.10, = .22). However, subgroup analyses showed that serum LDL-C levels were significantly reduced in trials administered>50 g/d almond. The data suggest that consumption of almond could not improve lipid profile in patients with T2DM.

Study Type : Meta Analysis, Review

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