Effects of demethoxycurcumin on the viability and apoptosis of skin cancer cells.
Mol Med Rep. 2017 Jul ;16(1):539-546. Epub 2017 May 31. PMID: 28586041
The present study investigated the effects and mechanisms of demethoxycurcumin (DMC) on a human skin squamous cell carcinoma cell line, A431, and a human keratinocyte cell line, HaCaT. A431 and HaCaT cells were cultured in vitro. The effects of DMC treatment on cell viability were analyzed using the Cell Counting kit‑8 (CCK‑8) assay; cell cycle distribution was analyzed by flow cytometry; apoptosis was assessed by flow cytometry and Hoechst 33258 staining; and the protein expression levels of cytochrome c, B‑cell lymphoma 2 (Bcl‑2), Bcl‑2‑associated X protein (BAX), caspase‑9 and caspase‑3 were evaluated by western blotting. CCK‑8 assay results demonstrated that DMC treatment significantly inhibited viability of A431 and HaCaT cells in a dose‑dependent manner. Flow cytometric analysis confirmed that DMC treatment induced apoptosis in a dose‑dependent manner, and significantly increased the proportion of cells in G2/M phase. Western blot analysis indicated that the protein expression levels of Bcl‑2 were decreased, whereas the expression levels of BAX, caspase‑9, caspase‑3 andcytochrome c were increased following DMC treatment compared with in untreated cells. In conclusion, DMC treatment significantly inhibited viability of A431 and HaCaT cells, and induced cell cycle arrest in G2/M phase. The present study indicated that DMC may induce apoptosis of skin cancer cells through a caspase‑dependent pathway.