Developmental exposure to Pbinduces transgenerational changes to zebrafish brain transcriptome.
Chemosphere. 2019 Dec 2 ;244:125527. Epub 2019 Dec 2. PMID: 31816550
Danielle N Meyer
Lead (Pb) is a major public health hazard for urban children, with profound and well-characterized developmental and behavioral implications across the lifespan. The ability of early Pbexposure to induce epigenetic changes is well-established, suggesting that Pb-induced neurobehavioral deficits may be heritable across generations. Understanding the long-term and multigenerational repercussions of lead exposure is crucial for clarifying both the genotypic alterations behind these behavioral outcomes and the potential mechanism of heritability. To study this, zebrafish (Danio rerio) embryos (<2 h post fertilization; EK strain) were exposed for 24 h to waterborne Pbat a concentration of 10 μM. This exposed Fgeneration was raised to adulthood and spawned to produce the Fgeneration, which was subsequently spawned to produce the Fgeneration. Previous avoidance conditioning studies determined that a 10 μM Pbdose resulted in learning impairments persisting through the Fgeneration. RNA was extracted from control- and 10 μM Pb-lineage Fbrains, (n = 10 for each group), sequenced, and transcript expression was quantified utilizing Quant-Seq. 648 genes were differentially expressed in the brains of Flead-lineage fish versus Fcontrol-lineage fish. Pathway analysis revealed altered genes in processes including synaptic function and plasticity, neurogenesis, endocrine homeostasis, and epigenetic modification, all of which are implicated in lead-induced neurobehavioral deficits and/or their inheritance. These data will inform future investigations to elucidate the mechanism of adult-onset and transgenerational health effects of developmental lead exposure.