DHA inhibits H. pylori-induced STAT3 phosphorylation in a PPARγ/SOCS3-dependent manner. - GreenMedInfo Summary
Docosahexaenoic acid inhibits Helicobacter pylori-induced STAT3 phosphorylation through activation of PPARγ.
Mol Nutr Food Res. 2016 Apr 15. Epub 2016 Apr 15. PMID: 27079734
The health beneficial effects of docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) have been attributed to its anti-inflammatory properties. However, the molecular mechanism underlying anti-inflammatory effects of DHA remains largely elusive. In the present study, DHA was found to suppress the phosphorylation and nuclear translocation of signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3) induced by H. pylori infection in human gastric cancer AGS cells. Notably, DHA induced expression of suppressor of cytokine signaling 3 (SOCS3), a negative regulator of STAT3. Knockdown of SOCS3 abolished suppressive effect of DHA on STAT3(Tyr705) phosphorylation induced by H. pylori infection. DHA also induced nuclear translocation, DNA binding, and transcriptional activities of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARγ) in AGS cells. Knockdown of PPARγ inhibited the transcription of SOCS3 and attenuated the suppressive effect of DHA on phosphorylation of STAT3(Tyr705) induced by H. pylori. The PPARγ antagonist bisphenol A diglycidyl ether also mitigated the suppressive effect of DHA on H. pylori-induced phosphorylation of STAT3(Tyr705) . In addition, DHA inhibited the expression of c-Myc, which was attenuated in the AGS cells harboring SOCS3 specific siRNA. DHA also markedly decreased anchorage-independent growth of AGS cells infected by H. pylori. In conclusion, DHA inhibits H. pylori-induced STAT3 phosphorylation in a PPARγ/SOCS3-dependent manner. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.