Di-n-butyl phthalate diminishes testicular steroidogenesis. - GreenMedInfo Summary
Di-n-butyl phthalate diminishes testicular steroidogenesis by blocking the hypothalamic-pituitary-testicular axis: relationship with germ cell apoptosis in Japanese quail.
Reprod Fertil Dev. 2021 Mar ;33(5):319-327. PMID: 33632378
Mohammad Shah Alam
Although di-n-butyl phthalate (DBP) induces germ cell apoptosis, the underlying mechanism is not yet clear in quail. In this study, prepubertal quails were given a single dose of 500mg kg-1 DBP by gavage and were then killed 3, 6 and 24h after treatment. There was a significant reduction in intratesticular testosterone (ITT) concentrations and testicular steroidogenic enzyme mRNA expression and a significant increase in germ cell apoptosis in DBP-treated compared with control quails at all time points. Maximum apoptosis was detected 6h after treatment and the maximum reduction in testosterone concentrations was at 3h. To investigate whether DBP suppressed testicular steroidogenesis by affecting the hypothalamic-pituitary-testicular axis, we analysed pituitary LH subunitβ (Lhb) mRNA expression and serum LH concentrations. At all time points, pituitary Lhb expression and serum LH concentrations were significantly decreased following DBP treatment. The present observations suggest the possibility that DBP blocked LH secretion from the hypothalamus and/or pituitary,thereby decreasing LH stimulation of Leydig cells and reducing ITT concentrations. DBP-induced decreases in ITT concentrations may cause changes to the physical structure of Sertoli cells, which, in turn, may induce germ cell apoptosis.