Article Publish Status: FREE
Abstract Title:

Diallyl disulphide inhibits apolipoprotein(a) expression in HepG2 cells through the MEK1-ERK1/2-ELK-1 pathway.

Abstract Source:

Lipids Health Dis. 2017 Nov 25 ;16(1):223. Epub 2017 Nov 25. PMID: 29178936

Abstract Author(s):

Xiaofeng Ma, Yami Liu, Yanmei Tan, Kai Qu, Xinglan He, Hai Zhang, Zuo Wang

Article Affiliation:

Xiaofeng Ma


BACKGROUND: Lipoprotein(a) [LP(a)] is implicated as a common and independent risk factor for cardiovascular diseases. The therapeutic options currently available for reducing plasma LP(a) concentrations are limited. Diallyl disulphide (DADS), the main component of garlic, regulates lipid metabolism in hepatocytes and adipocytes through ERK1/2 signalling. This study aimed to assess the effect of DADS on apolipoprotein(a) [apo(a)] in HepG2 cells. We also determined the effects of DADS on apo(a) expression and secretion in HepG2 cells as well as the underlying mechanisms.

METHODS: We examined the role of DADS on apo(a) expression in HepG2 cells by treating cell with different concentrations of DADS (10, 20, 40 and 80μg/mL) for 24 h or treating cells with 40 μg/mL DADS for 0, 6, 12, 24 and 48 h. Then we used quantitative real-time PCR to analysis apo(a) mRNA levels, used Western blot to analysis apo(a) protein levels and used enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay to test apo(a) secreted levels. To farther determined the role of DADS, we applied Transfection of small interfering RNA to knockdown ELK-1levels and applied PD98059, a specific inhibitor of ERK1/2, to block ERK1/2 signal.

RESULTS: The results show DADS inhibited apo(a) at both the mRNA and protein levels in HepG2 cells in a dose-dependent manner. DADS-mediated inhibition of apoa(a) expression in HepG2 cells was attenuated when the cells were cultured in medium containing PD98059 (ERK1/2 inhibitor) or were transfected with siRNAs against MEK1 or ELK-1. Overexpression of apo(a) yielded similar results.

CONCLUSIONS: This study reveals that DADS can downregulate apo(a) expression in a dose-dependent manner via the MEK-ERK12-ELK-1 pathway.

Study Type : In Vitro Study

Print Options

Key Research Topics

Sayer Ji
Founder of GreenMedInfo.com

Subscribe to our informative Newsletter & get Nature's Evidence-Based Pharmacy

Our newsletter serves 500,000 with essential news, research & healthy tips, daily.

Download Now

500+ pages of Natural Medicine Alternatives and Information.

This website is for information purposes only. By providing the information contained herein we are not diagnosing, treating, curing, mitigating, or preventing any type of disease or medical condition. Before beginning any type of natural, integrative or conventional treatment regimen, it is advisable to seek the advice of a licensed healthcare professional.

© Copyright 2008-2022 GreenMedInfo.com, Journal Articles copyright of original owners, MeSH copyright NLM.