Dieckol isolated from a brown alga, Eisenia nipponica, suppresses ear swelling from allergic inflammation in mouse.
J Food Biochem. 2021 Apr ;45(4):e13659. Epub 2021 Feb 17. PMID: 33595108
We previously found a lipophilic fraction of the methanol/chloroform extract of a brown alga, Eisenia nipponica, that had an antiallergic effect in a murine ear swelling test. In this study, we purified the active component from the lipophilic fraction using high performance liquid chromatography and analyzed the mass and nuclear magnetic resonance spectra. This uncovered the phlorotannin dieckol, which exhibited antiallergic effects in an ear swelling test using mice sensitized by arachidonic acid, 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate, and oxazolone. Mechanistic investigations indicated that dieckol suppressed degranulation, chemical mediator release, and the expression of mRNA such as cyclooxygenase-2, interleukin-6, and tumor necrosis factor-α in rat basophilic leukemia-2H3 cells. In summary, we isolated dieckol from E. nipponica and demonstrated its antiallergic mechanisms. PRACTICAL APPLICATIONS: As the incidence of allergies increases worldwide, so too does the demand for food components with antiallergic and anti-inflammatory properties. Given this trend, we focused on a brown alga that displays a variety of bioactivities. Here, we have isolated dieckol from the antiallergic lipophilic fraction of E. nipponica and found that it possesses diverse physiological activities that may prevent lifestyle-related diseases. Consequently, dieckol or the alga containing this phlorotannin could be used as a health food ingredient to combat not only allergies, but also variety of disorders including the undesirable effects of aging.