Abstract Title:

The effects of diosgenin in the regulation of renal proximal tubular fibrosis.

Abstract Source:

Exp Cell Res. 2014 May 1 ;323(2):255-62. Epub 2014 Feb 10. PMID: 24525371

Abstract Author(s):

Wei-Cheng Wang, Shu-Fen Liu, Wen-Teng Chang, Yow-Ling Shiue, Pei-Fang Hsieh, Tsung-Jen Hung, Chien-Ya Hung, Yu-Ju Hung, Mei-Fen Chen, Yu-Lin Yang

Article Affiliation:

Wei-Cheng Wang


Fibrosis is the important pathway for end-stage renal failure. Glucose has been demonstrated to be the most important fibrogenesis-inducing agent according to previous studies. Despite diosgenin has been demonstrated to be anti-inflammatory, the possible role in fibrosis regulation of diosgenin remain to be investigated. In this study, renal proximal tubular epithelial cells (designated as HK-2) were treated with high concentration of glucose (HG, 27.5mM) to determine whether diosgenin (0.1, 1 and 10μM) has the effects to regulate renal cellular fibrosis. We found that 10 μM of diosgenin exert optimal inhibitory effects on high glucose-induced fibronectin expression in HK-2 cells. In addition, diosgenin markedly inhibited HG-induced increase in α-smooth muscle actin (α-SMA) and HG-induced decrease in E-cadherin. In addition, diosgenin antagonizes high glucose-induced epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT) signals partly by enhancing the catabolism of Snail in renal cells. Collectively, these data suggest that diosgenin has the potential to inhibit high glucose-induced renal tubular fibrosis possibly through EMT pathway.

Study Type : In Vitro Study

Print Options

Key Research Topics

Sayer Ji
Founder of GreenMedInfo.com

Subscribe to our informative Newsletter & get Nature's Evidence-Based Pharmacy

Our newsletter serves 500,000 with essential news, research & healthy tips, daily.

Download Now

500+ pages of Natural Medicine Alternatives and Information.

This website is for information purposes only. By providing the information contained herein we are not diagnosing, treating, curing, mitigating, or preventing any type of disease or medical condition. Before beginning any type of natural, integrative or conventional treatment regimen, it is advisable to seek the advice of a licensed healthcare professional.

© Copyright 2008-2022 GreenMedInfo.com, Journal Articles copyright of original owners, MeSH copyright NLM.