Abstract Title:

Diosmetin suppresses the progression of ESCC by CDK2/Rb/E2F2/RRM2 pathway and synergies with cisplatin.

Abstract Source:

Oncogene. 2023 Jul ;42(29):2278-2293. Epub 2023 Jun 22. PMID: 37349644

Abstract Author(s):

Yihuan Chen, Xiaoshuo Dai, Wei Chen, Yan Qiao, Ruihua Bai, Xiaoxuan Duan, Kai Zhang, Xinhuan Chen, Xin Li, Saijun Mo, Wenbo Cao, Xiang Li, Kangdong Liu, Ziming Dong, Jing Lu

Article Affiliation:

Yihuan Chen


Cisplatin (CDDP) is the first-line drug in the clinical treatment of esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC), which has severe nephrotoxicity. Diosmetin (DIOS) can protect kidney from oxidative damage, however, its function in ESCC is unknown. This study aims to explore the effect and mechanism of DIOS on ESCC and its combined effect with CDDP. Herein, we found that DIOS significantly inhibited the progression of ESCC in vitro and in vivo. Furthermore, the anti-tumor effect of DIOS was not statistically different from that of CDDP. Mechanically, transcriptomics revealed that DIOS inhibited the E2F2/RRM2 signaling pathway. The transcriptional regulation of RRM2 by E2F2 was verified by luciferase assay. Moreover, docking model, CETSA, pull-down assay and CDK2 inhibitor assay confirmed that DIOS directly targeted CDK2, leading to significant suppression of ESCC. Additionally, the patient-derived xenografts (PDX) model showed that the combination of DIOS and CDDP significantly inhibited the growth of ESCC. Importantly, the combined treatment with DIOS and CDDP significantly reduced the mRNA expression levels of kidney injury biomarkers KIM-1 and NGAL in renal tissue, as well as the levels of blood urea nitrogen, serum creatinine and blood uric acid compared to the single treatment with CDDP. In conclusion, DIOS could be an effective drug and a potential chemotherapeutic adjuvant for ESCC treatment. Furthermore, DIOS could reduce the nephrotoxicity of CDDP to some extent.

Study Type : Animal Study, In Vitro Study

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