Diosmin inhibits glioblastoma growth through inhibition of autophagic flux. - GreenMedInfo Summary
Diosmin Inhibits Glioblastoma Growth through Inhibition of Autophagic Flux.
Int J Mol Sci. 2021 Sep 28 ;22(19). Epub 2021 Sep 28. PMID: 34638796
Diosmin, a natural flavone glycoside acquired through dehydrogenation of the analogous flavanone glycoside hesperidin, is plentiful in many citrus fruits. Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) is the most malignant primary brain tumor; the average survival time of GBM patients is less than 18 months after standard treatment. The present study demonstrated that diosmin, which is able to cross the blood-brain barrier, inhibited GBM cell growth in vitro and in vivo. Diosmin also impeded migration and invasion by GBM8401and LN229 GBM cells by suppressing epithelial-mesenchymal transition, as indicated by increased expression of E-cadherin and decreased expression of Snail and Twist. Diosmin also suppressed autophagic flux, as indicated by increased expression of LC3-II and p62, and induced cell cycle arrest at G1 phase. Importantly, diosmin did not exert serious cytotoxic effects toward control SVG-p12 astrocytes, though it did reduce astrocyte viability at high concentrations. These findings provide potentially helpful support to the development of new therapies for the treatment of GBM.