The Dose-Response Effect of Lycopene on Cerebral Vessel and Neuron Impairment Induced by Hyperlipidemia.
J Agric Food Chem. 2018 Dec 19 ;66(50):13173-13182. Epub 2018 Dec 5. PMID: 30474364
To study the dose-response effect of lycopene on vessel and neuron damage in the brain against hyperlipidemia, rats were fed with hypercholesterolemic feed and treated with lycopene orally by gavage at the dose of 5, 25, 45, 65, 85, and 105, 125 mg/kg/bw/d. At the end of the fourth week, lycopene doses and serum lycopene concentration showed an inverse U-shape curve. Serum lycopene concentration was negatively correlated with the levels of serum TC, TG, LDL-C, as well as the cerebral LDL-C, VEGF, and VCAM-1. Serum lycopene concentration was positively correlated with the expression of Claudin-5 and the number of neurons in hippocampal CA1 and CA3. Lycopene could also reduce the pathologic change of these areas. These results suggested an inverse U-shape relation between dose and serum concentration of lycopene, and intermediate doses were most effective to protect cerebral vessels and neurons from being damaged by hyperlipidemia.