Effect of B vitamins supplementation on cardio-metabolic factors in patients with stable coronary artery disease: A randomized double-blind trial.
Asia Pac J Clin Nutr. 2020 ;29(2):245-252. PMID: 32674231
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to evaluate whether B vitamins supplementation would improve dyslipidemia, alleviate inflammatory state of patients with stable coronary artery disease (SCAD).
METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: We conducted a randomized, double-blind, 12-week, placebo-controlled trial involving adults with SCAD, and who were randomly divided into B vitamins group (folic acid and VB-6) and control group (placebo tablet). Blood tests had also been performed at baseline and endpoint.
RESULTS: After 12 weeks of intervention, B vitamins supplementation significantly improved the concentration of serum TG, TC and HDL-C (p<0.05). Changes of serum homocysteine in B vitamins treatment were significantly different compared to placebo by the multivariate-adjusted analysis (3.02±2.35 vs 1.55±1.58 p<0.001). Meanwhile, the levels of IL-1β and IL-10, significant difference were observed between two groups after adjustment for confounding factors.
CONCLUSIONS: Supplementation with B vitamins significantly improves lipid metabolism, alleviate inflammation and serum homocysteine concentration in patients with SCAD.