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Abstract Title:

[Effect of electroacupuncture on GLP-1R/PI3K/Akt protein pathway in mice with Parkinson's disease].

Abstract Source:

Zhen Ci Yan Jiu. 2022 Jan 25 ;47(1):27-32. PMID: 35128867

Abstract Author(s):

Han-Zhang Li, Ling Qi, Xiao-Lei Zhang, Xiang-Lin Chen, Lei Guo, Shu-Qin Guo, Jun Ma

Article Affiliation:

Han-Zhang Li

Abstract:

OBJECTIVE: To observe the effect of electroacupuncture(EA) on glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor (GLP-1R)/ phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K)/ protein kinase B(Akt) protein pathway in the substantia nigra of mice with Parkinson's di-sease (PD),so as to explore its underlying mechanisms in treatment of PD.

METHODS: Forty-eight C57BL/6 male mice were randomly divided into normal, model, EA and inhibitor groups, with 12 mice in each group. PD mouse model was established by intragastrical administration of rotenone for 4 weeks. In the EA group, EA was applied at "Fengfu"(GV16), "Taichong"(LR3) and"Zusanli"(ST36) for 30 min, once daily, for 2 weeks. The mice of the inhibitor group received gavage of dipeptidyl peptidase-4 inhibitor ligliptin (10 mg·kg·d) once a day for 2 weeks. The behavioral scores of mice in each group were observed. The levels of tyrosine hydroxylase (TH) in serum and substantia nigra were detected by ELISA, and the protein relative expression levels of GLP-1R, phosphorylation of PI3K (p-PI3K) and phosphorylation of Akt (p-Akt) in substantia nigra of midbrain of mice were detected by Western blot.

RESULTS: Compared with the normal group, the behavioral scores were significantly increased (<0.01), TH levels in serum and substantia nigra, protein expression levels of GLP-1R, p-PI3K and p-Akt of the substantia nigra in the model group were significantly decreased (all<0.01). After intervention and in comparison with the model group, the behavioral scores were significantly decreased (<0.01), TH levels and the protein expression levels of GLP-1R, p-PI3K and p-Akt in both EA and inhibitor groups were significantly increased (all<0.01). There were no significant differences in the abovementioned indexes between EA group and inhibitor group (all>0.05), except for TH levels which were considerably down-regulated in the EA group relative to the inhibitor group (<0.01,<0.05).

CONCLUSION: EA at GV16, LR3 and ST36 may increase the level of TH in serum and substantia nigra by up-regulating the activity of GLP-1R/PI3K/Akt protein pathway, and improve the behavioral performance of PD induced by rotenone.

Study Type : Animal Study

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Sayer Ji
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