The effect of Ginsenoside Rg1 in hepatic ischemia reperfusion (I/R) injury ameliorates ischemia-reperfusion-induced liver injury by inhibiting apoptosis.
Biomed Pharmacother. 2020 Sep ;129:110398. Epub 2020 Jun 27. PMID: 32603889
Hepatic ischemia reperfusion (I/R) injury (HIRI) HIRI is a complex, multifactorial pathophysiological process and in liver surgery has been known to significantly affect disease prognosis, surgical success rates, and patient survival. Ginsenoside Rgl (Rgl) monomer is one of the main active ingredients of ginseng. Previous studies have demonstrated that Rgl exerts various pharmacological effects through several mechanisms including suppression of apoptosis-related proteins levels, downregulation of inflammatory mediators and as well as antioxidant, which effectively exerts an organ protective effect I/R-induced damage. However, the exact mechanisms of Rg1 on HIRI remain to be elucidated. In the present study, we investigated the protective effect of Rg1 on hepatic ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury (HIRI) and explored its underlying molecular mechanism. A rat warm I/R injury model in vivo and an oxygen-glucose deprivation/reperfusion (OGD/R)-treated BRL-3A cell model in vitro were established after pretreating with Rg1(20 mg/kg). The results showed that Rg1 reduced the levels of alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and aspartate aminotransferase (AST). TUNEL staining showed that pretreated with Rg1 inhibited the apoptosis rate compared with the I/R group. Moreover, pretreated with Rg1 significantly reduced the expression of Cyt-C, Caspase-9 and Caspase-3 to inhibit the cell apoptosis. Flow cytometry analysis showed the MMP in the I/R group was significantly increased, whereas pretreated with Rg1 effectively stabilized the MMP compared with the I/R group. in vitro, the proliferation of BRL-3A cells was significantly decreased by the OGD/R treatment, while Rg1 effectively reversed this phenomenon. In addition, western blotting showed that the increase of Cyt-C, Caspase-9 and Caspase-3 was inhibited by HO. These observations suggest that Rg1 exerts the protective effect by inhibiting the CypD protein-mediated mitochondrial apoptotic pathway.