Abstract Title:

The effect of icariin on autoimmune premature ovarian insufficiency via modulation of Nrf2/HO-1/Sirt1 pathway in mice.

Abstract Source:

Reprod Biol. 2022 Mar 25 ;22(2):100638. Epub 2022 Mar 25. PMID: 35344846

Abstract Author(s):

Haoran Chen, Linjiang Song, Xiaofang Xu, Zhongyu Han, Fang Peng, Qinxiu Zhang, Chi Liu, Xin Liang

Article Affiliation:

Haoran Chen


Primary ovarian insufficiency (POI) is a common gynecological disease. Autoimmunity is a common cause of POI. Icariin (ICA) plays a therapeutic role in many autoimmune diseases. This study aims to investigate the effect of ICA on autoimmune POI mice and its effect on immune regulation. Sixty-three female BALB/c mice were randomized into three groups (control, POI, POI + ICA). POI and POI + ICA group were hypodermically injected with zona pellucida three peptides (pZP3) to induce autoimmune POI. Then the POI + ICA group was gavaged with ICA. A vaginal smear was to observe estrous cycles, hematoxylin-eosin staining was to count follicles. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent analysis determined serum FSH, LH, AMH, and anti-zona pellucida antibody (AZPAb) levels. In addition, flow cytometry detected the expression of Th1 cells and Treg cells, and Western blot was used to detect the expression of Nuclear factor E2 related factor 2(Nrf2), heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1), and Sirtuin-1 (Sirt1) proteins. pZP3 treatment decreased serum AMH levels and increased FSH, LH, and AZPAb levels. Additionally, decreases in the number of healthy follicles at all stages and an increase in the number of atretic follicles. Abnormal ovarian structure and an arrested estrous cycle were also noted. However, ICArescued POI through up-regulating Nrf2, HO-1, and Sirt1 expressions and up-regulating Treg expressions. ICA treatment improved the structure of the injured ovarian and its function in autoimmune POI mice. The mechanism is achieved by increasing the expression of Nrf2/HO-1/Sirt1 pathway in the ovaryand increasing Treg cells' expression.

Study Type : Animal Study

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