Article Publish Status: FREE
Abstract Title:

Effect of Sulforaphane on cardiac injury induced by sepsis in a mouse model: Role of toll-like receptor 4.

Abstract Source:

J Med Life. 2023 Jul ;16(7):1120-1126. PMID: 37900081

Abstract Author(s):

Sarah Mohammed Hussain Hadi, Sahar Majeed, Fadhaa Abdulameer Ghafil, Kaswer Altoraihi, Najah Rayish Hadi

Article Affiliation:

Sarah Mohammed Hussain Hadi


As sepsis is associated with a 50% increase in mortality, sepsis-induced cardiomyopathy has become a critical topic. A multidisciplinary approach is required for the diagnosis and treatment of septic cardiomyopathy. This study looked at Sulforaphane, a natural product that aims to evaluate cardiac function after sepsis, and its likely mechanism of action. Twenty-four adult male Swiss albino mice were randomly divided into 4 equal groups (n=6): sham, CLP, vehicle Sulforaphane (the same amount of DMSO injected IP one hour before the CLP), and Sulforaphane group (one hour before the CLP, a 5mg/kg dose of Sulforaphane was injected). Cardiac tissue levels of toll-like receptor 4 (TLR-4), pro-inflammatory mediators, anti-inflammatory markers, oxidative stress markers, apoptosis markers, and serum cardiac damage biomarkers were assessed using ELISA. Statistical analyses, including t-tests and ANOVA tests, were performed with a significance level of 0.05 for normally distributed data. Compared to the sham group, the sepsis group had significantly elevated levels of TLR-4, IL-6, TNF-α, MIF, F2-isoprostane, caspase-3, cTn-I, and CK-MB (p<0.05). In contrast, the Sulforaphane pre-treated group demonstrated significantly lower levels of these markers (p<0.05). Additionally, Bcl-2 levels were significantly reduced (p<0.05) in the Sulforaphane group. Sulforaphane administration also significantly attenuated cardiac tissue injury (p<0.05). The findings suggest that Sulforaphane can decrease heart damage in male mice during CLP-induced polymicrobial sepsis by suppressing TLR-4/NF-kB downstream signal transduction pathways.

Study Type : Animal Study
Additional Links
Pharmacological Actions : Cardioprotective : CK(5377) : AC(1675)

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