Effects of berberine on circular RNA expression profiles in human gastric cancer cells. - GreenMedInfo Summary
Effects of Berberine on Circular RNA Expression Profiles in Human Gastric Cancer Cells.
Evid Based Complement Alternat Med. 2021 ;2021:6688629. Epub 2021 May 4. PMID: 34055022
Background: Berberine has been demonstrated to have anticancer effects against gastric cancer (GC), but the mechanism of these actions is unclear.
Objectives: To explore the impact of berberine on circular RNA (circRNA) expression profiles in GC and investigate the potential molecular mechanisms associated with circRNAs in GC.
Methods: AGS and HGC27 GC cells were treated with various concentrations of berberine. Cell viability was measured using a Cell Counting Kit-8 assay. Cell proliferation was measured using a cell colony formation assay. Cell apoptosis was measured using flow cytometry. The mitochondrial membrane potential (Δm) was determined using a JC-1 probe. RNA-seq was performed to identify circRNA expression profiles in AGS cells after berberine treatment. Selected differentially expressed (DE) circRNAs were verified using RT-qPCR. Bioinformatics analysis was performed to predict target miRNAs and mRNAs and construct a circRNA-miRNA-mRNA network. Pathway and process enrichment analyses were performed to explore the potential biological roles of DE circRNAs.
Results: Berberine decreased GC cell viability, cell proliferation, andΔm and induced cell apoptosis. Thirty-one DE circRNAs were identified in the berberine-treated group compared to the control group, among which circRNA2499, hsa_circ_0003423, and hsa_circ_0006702 were validated using RT-qPCR. Enrichment analyses, based on the host genes of these 31 DE circRNAs and putative target mRNAs in the circRNA-miRNA-mRNA network of the validated circRNAs, indicated that berberine exerts anti-GC effects in multiple pathways including the Notch, MAPK, and NF-B signaling pathways via specific circRNAs.
Conclusion: This study elucidated the expression profile of circRNAs in human GC cells after berberine treatment. Our results demonstrate that berberine has the potential to influence cancer-related pathways by regulating circRNA expression and their corresponding target genes in GC cells.