Abstract Title:

Effects of naringenin supplementation on cardiovascular risk factors in overweight/obese patients with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease: a pilot double-blind, placebo-controlled, randomized clinical trial.

Abstract Source:

Eur J Gastroenterol Hepatol. 2021 Dec 3. Epub 2021 Dec 3. PMID: 34860705

Abstract Author(s):

Fatemeh Naeini, Zahra Namkhah, Helda Tutunchi, Seyed Mahdi Rezayat, Siavash Mansouri, Mehdi Yaseri, Mohammad Javad Hosseinzadeh-Attar

Article Affiliation:

Fatemeh Naeini


OBJECTIVE: Although several experimental models have suggested promising pharmacological effects of naringenin in the management of obesity and its related disorders, the effects of naringenin supplementation on cardiovascular disorders as one of the main complications of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) are yet to be examined in humans.

METHODS: In this double-blind, placebo-controlled, randomized clinical trial, 44 overweight/obese patients with NAFLD were equally allocated into either naringenin or placebo group for 4 weeks. Cardiovascular risk factors including atherogenic factors, hematological indices, obesity-related parameters, blood pressure, and heart rate were assessed pre- and postintervention.

RESULTS: The atherogenic index of plasma value, serum non-HDL-C levels as well as total cholesterol/high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), triglyceride/HDL-C, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol/HDL-C, and non-HDL-C/HDL-C ratios were significantly reduced in the intervention group, compared to the placebo group post intervention (P<0.05). Moreover, there was a significant reduction in BMI and visceral fat level in the intervention group when compared with the placebo group (P = 0.001 and P = 0.039, respectively). Furthermore, naringenin supplementation could marginally reduce systolic blood pressure (P = 0.055). Mean corpuscular hemoglobin increased significantly in the naringenin group compared to the placebo group at the endpoint (P = 0.023). Supplementation with naringenin also resulted in a marginally significant increase in the mean corpuscular hemoglobin concentration when compared with the placebo group (P = 0.050). There were no significant between-group differences for other study outcomes post intervention.

CONCLUSION: In conclusion, these data indicate that naringenin supplementation may be a promising treatment strategy for cardiovascular complications among NAFLD patients. However, further trials are warranted.

Study Type : Human Study

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Sayer Ji
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