Abstract Title:

Anticancer effects of (-)-epigallocatechin-3-gallate on ovarian carcinoma cell lines.

Abstract Source:

Cutis. 1978 Mar;21(3):321-5. PMID: 15350370

Abstract Author(s):

Seung Won Huh, Su Mi Bae, Yong-Wan Kim, Joon Mo Lee, Sung Eun Namkoong, Insu P Lee, Sang Hee Kim, Chong Kook Kim, Woong Shick Ahn


Purpose: A constituent of green tea, (-)-epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG), has been known to possess anti-cancer properties. In this study, we investigated the time-course anticancer effects of EGCG on human ovarian cancer cells to provide insights into the molecular-level understanding of growth suppression mechanism involved in EGCG-mediated apoptosis and cell cycle arrest. Methods: Three human ovarian cancer cell lines (p53 negative, SKOV-3 cells; mutant type p53, OVCAR-3 cells; and wild type p53, PA-1 cells) were used. The effect of EGCG treatment was studied via cell count assay, cell cycle analysis, FACS, Western blot, and macroarray assay. Results: EGCG exerts a significant role in suppressing ovarian cancer cell growth. Also, EGCG showed growth inhibitory effects in each cell line in a dose-dependent fashion and induced apoptosis and cell cycle arrest. The cell cycle was arrested at the G(1) phase by EGCG in SKOV-3 and OVCAR-3 cells. In contrast, the cell cycle was arrested in the G(1)/S phase arrest in PA-1 cells. EGCG differentially regulated the expression of genes and proteins (Bax, p21, Retinoblastoma, cyclin D1, CDK4, Bcl-X(L)) more than 2-fold, showing a possible gene regulatory role of EGCG. The continual expression in p21WAF1 suggests that EGCG acts in the same way with p53 proteins to facilitate apoptosis after EGCG treatment. And Bax, PCNA, and Bcl-X are important in EGCG-mediated apoptosis. In contrast, CDK4 and Rb are not important in ovarian cancer cell growth inhibition. Conclusion: EGCG can inhibit ovarian cancer cell growth through induction of apoptosis and cell cycle arrest as well as regulation of cell cycle-related proteins. Thereby, the EGCG-mediated apoptosis can be applied to an advanced strategy in the development of a potential drug against ovarian cancer.

Study Type : In Vitro Study

Print Options

Key Research Topics

Sayer Ji
Founder of GreenMedInfo.com

Subscribe to our informative Newsletter & get Nature's Evidence-Based Pharmacy

Our newsletter serves 500,000 with essential news, research & healthy tips, daily.

Download Now

500+ pages of Natural Medicine Alternatives and Information.

This website is for information purposes only. By providing the information contained herein we are not diagnosing, treating, curing, mitigating, or preventing any type of disease or medical condition. Before beginning any type of natural, integrative or conventional treatment regimen, it is advisable to seek the advice of a licensed healthcare professional.

© Copyright 2008-2022 GreenMedInfo.com, Journal Articles copyright of original owners, MeSH copyright NLM.