[Effect of electroacupuncture pretreatment on differential expression profiles of myocardial long non-coding RNA and mRNA in mice with myocardial ischemia-reperfusion injury].
Zhen Ci Yan Jiu. 2020 May 25 ;45(5):389-95. PMID: 32447854
OBJECTIVE: To observe the effect of electroacupuncture (EA) pretreatment at"Neiguan"(PC6) on expression profiles of myocardial long non-coding RNAs (LncRNAs) and mRNAs in myocardial ischemia-reperfusion injury (MIRI) mice, so as to explore its mechanisms underlying prevention of MIRI via regulating LncRNA expression.
METHODS: C57BL/6 mice were randomly divided into sham, model, and EA groups (=4 in each group). The MIRI model was established by occlusion of the anterior descending branch (ADB) of the left coronary artery for 30 min, followed by reperfusion for 24 h. In the sham group, the ADB was only threaded beneath the artery without ligation. EA was applied to bilateral PC6 for 30 min prior to ischemia induction. Surgery was performed within 30 min at the end of EA stimulation. The expression profiles of differentially expressed LncRNAs and mRNAs in the left ventricular myocardium were analyzed by using LncRNA microarray.
RESULTS: There was a significant diffe-rence in the expression pattern of LncRNAs and mRNAs among the sham, model and EA groups. A total of 1 693 LncRNAs and 2 858 mRNAs between the model and sham groups, and 3 859 LncRNAs and 1 343 mRNAs between the EA and model groups were identified to be differentially expressed candidates. According to Venn intersection analysis, LncRNAs with opposite regulative orientations in the model and EA groups were screened and defined as EA-related LncRNAs. LncRNA-mRNA co-expression analysis and Gene Ontology enrichment analysis of the EA-related LncRNAs predicted their roles to regulating post-traumatic stress and repairing of myocardial cells. Meanwhile, the proteins' function encoded by EA-related mRNAs mainly involved post-traumatic stress and inflammatory regulation.
CONCLUSION: EA pretreatment at PC6 acupoint can produce extensive regulation on myocardial LncRNAs and mRNAs in MIRI mice, suggesting an involvement of LncRNAs in EA pretreatment induced improvement of MIRI. These results may provide direction and molecular basis for subsequent in-depth studies to reveal the underlying mechanisms of EA pretreatment for MIRI.